High carotenoid values in people with flexibility training


  • Chanachai Lohasaptawee Chulalongkorn University Demonstration Secondary School, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Ponlapat Rojnuckarin Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Redcross Society, Bangkok, Thailand
  • Natthaya Lekhawatthanapong Chulalongkorn University Demonstration Secondary School, Bangkok, Thailand


Antioxidants, cardiorespiratory training, carotenoid, flexibility training, free radical, resistance training


Background: Free radicals play essential roles in aging and various pathological processes, and antioxidants may help prevent these conditions. Therefore, the body should have high antioxidant levels and carotenoids can be a representative of antioxidants.

Objectives: This study aimed to use the BioPhotonic Scanner S3 and resonant Raman spectroscopy technology for comparing the skin carotenoid values between those who exercise frequently and those who did not within 6-months.

Methods: Four equal groups of 600 men and women volunteers, aged 20 - 60 years, who resided in Bangkok Metropolitan Region were formed, with 150 subjects in each group: ) cardiorespiratory training, ) resistance training, ) flexibility training, and nonexercizing.

Results: The flexibility training group had the highest carotenoid values than the other groups (36,847 ± 1,053 vs.32,413 ± 535 units, respectively). Women had higher carotenoid values than men (36,182 ± 773 vs. 29,245 ± 694 units). People who are obese (body mass index 25 kg/m2) showed lower carotenoid values than the others (28,519 ± 844 vs.32,413 ± 535 units) Finally, advancing age was positively correlated with the carotenoid values (r = 0.257, P < 0.001). Furthermore, all four factors showed significant correlations with the carotenoid levels a multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: In this study, flexibility training was associated with the highest carotenoid, followed by cardiorespiratory training, resistance training and nonexercising, respectively. Furthermore, high carotenoid levels were related to adolescence, female gender, and lower body mass index.


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How to Cite

Lohasaptawee C, Rojnuckarin P, Lekhawatthanapong N. High carotenoid values in people with flexibility training. Chula Med J [Internet]. 2024 May 2 [cited 2024 May 19];68(2). Available from: https://he05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/CMJ/article/view/1476